Skill Set Descriptions
Here is a list of skills being worked on in our subscription box.
Fine Motor Skills:
Fine motor skills are a broad category of skills which your forearms, wrists, hands, fingers and thumbs need to do. There are many skills that the hand does to allow up to manipulate tools. Being able to manipulate objects in our hands makes us uniquely human. These skills are the foundation for tool use, including use of a pencil.
In-Hand Manipulation Skills:
In hand Manipulation skills- these skills include being able to pick up objects and nest them in the hand, and move objects out of the hand. Think about grabbing some money in the palm of one hand and putting each coin into a piggy bank or parking meter one at a time only using that same hand. It also includes rotating objects in the hand and positioning objects within the hand. Examples of these are picking up and positioning a pencil for writing or turning it over for erasing. All of these skills are important for efficient use of a pencil. Refinement of these skills continue during the early elementary school years.
Having strong shoulders, forearms, wrists, hands and bodies are very important foundations for completing fine motor tasks. Some of the tools which you have received, when used correctly, strengthen these specific muscles. Increasing overall strength will go a long way to support your child, while being physically active will support their overall development.
Basic Vision Skills
Our eyes are responsible for many functions that enable successful completion of reading and writing tasks. These basic visual skills gather information from the environment for interpretation from the brain. These include being able to smoothly follow an object through space (pursuits), quickly change points of fixation (saccades), and use the two eyes to come together to focus on a near object (convergence). To successfully complete reading and writing tasks, these skills are very important.
Visual Perception Skills:
We need to understand what we are seeing, so these skills include:
- visual memory (remembering images)
- visual discrimination (finding differences)
- visual figure ground (finding an image, shape or letter among many).
Visual Motor Integration:
Visual Motor Integration (VMI) is the ability to complete tasks with our fine motor, basic vision skills, and visual perception skills working together in a coordinated manner.
These skills combine and integrate to allow your child to complete fine motor tasks successfully. If one of these skills is out of sync, there will be an imbalance through the hand, making it more difficult to complete fine motor tasks efficiently and effectively.